Life Phytobarre project collaborators


logo La PugèreThe experimental arboricultural station “La Pugère” (PACA) is an experimental crop station, with a SICA (société d’intérêt collectif agricole) legal status. It is located in the town of Mallemort (Bouches-du-Rhône department) on an area of 17 hectares.





Companies labeled as SICA (with collective agricultural interests) aim to create or manage facilities and equipment. Another aim is to provide services in the interests of farmers or (more generally) the inhabitants of the region with no professional distinction.

Copyright : Isabelle RICAVY/ La Pugère

Copyright : Isabelle RICAVY/ La Pugère
Visit of an apple trial by farmers

The goal of the SICA “La Pugère” is to carry out an experimental program and the application of techniques specific to improving apple, pear and plum crops. “La Pugère” belongs to the network of regional experimental stations that work with fruits and vegetables, whose mission is to establish the interface between research and the farming profession.


LA PUGÈRE benefits from an excellent technical environment, through its close links with local economic players and technical partners. La Pugère is open to the whole profession, welcoming and providing multiple services to arboriculturists and technical advisors of the region. With a meeting room and their documentation, LA PUGÈRE is a true place of meeting, exchange and coordination. One of its missions is to improve crop techniques for producing a healthy quality fruit, while limiting the environmental impacts. As defined in its program of action, La Pugère has always wanted to improve its practices while making them more responsible, for example by having an exemplary approach in water management and wastes (boiled remnants of phytosanitary products). The combination of protecting orchard health and the respect of the ecosystem fits perfectly within the framework of the LIFE-PHYTOBARRE project.



Chemin de la barque de Malespine
13370 MALLEMORT France

Tel : + 33 (0) 4 90 59 29 00 – Fax: + 33 (0) 4 90 59 23 23


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cea-2 lbc The Cellular Bioenergetics Laboratory (LBC), attached to the Basic Research Division of the CEA*, has specialized for 30 years in the study of photosynthetic bacteria and their use in the field of bio-remediation.   * CEA: Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission  

The diversity of bioenergetic pathways found in these organisms (photosynthesis and various modes of respiration) gives them the ability to adapt to toxic compounds. This “metabolic versatility” fosters survival in difficult conditions, and is complemented by a range of enzymes (including oxidoreductases) that enable them to metabolize pollutants or convert them into harmless compounds. The work conducted by the LBC in recent years has focused on these molecular mechanisms that lead to the degradation of organic compounds.


In particular, a process for degrading tributyl phosphate (a stubborn compound derived from the nuclear industry) by photosynthetic bacteria has been patented. More recently, the LBC has focused, in collaboration with an industrial pioneer (the Barre Company), on the “in situ” degradation of phytopharmaceutical compounds by these bacteria. Their extremely positive results are the foundation of this project.


The expertise of the LBC in the field is internationally recognized. Two researchers from the LBC, including the project coordinator Daniel Garcia, were thus named as experts in depollution by the AREVA-NC company, in 2011 and 2012. The head of the laboratory was named as senior expert by the high commissioner of the CEA in the field of environmental microbiology.


Centre CEA de Cadarache
13108 Saint Paul Lez Durance cedex France



Tel : + 33 (0) 4 42 25 45 89 –  Cell: + 33 (0) 6 08 60 76 69 – Fax : + 33 (0) 4 42 25 47 01





  • Peer-reviewed scientific journals
  • Jacques J., Fourmond V., Arnoux P., Sabaty M., Emilien E., Grosse S., Biaso F., Bertrand P., Pignol D., Léger C., Guigliarelli B., Burlat B. (2013) “Reductive activation in periplasmic nitrate reductase involves chemical modifications of the Mo-cofactor beyond the first coordination sphere of the Mo ion” Biophys. Acta, 1837 (2): 277-286
  • Berne C., Pignol D., Lavergne J. & Garcia D. (2007) “cytochrome P450 CYP201A2 from Rhodopseudomonas palustris plays a key role in the tributyl phosphate biodegradation” Microbiol. Biotechno, 77(1): 135-44
  • Berne C.; Allainmat B.; Garcia D. (2005) “Tributyl phosphate degradation by Rhodopseudomonas palustris and other photosynthetic bacteria” Biotechnology Letters, 27 (8): 561-566
  • Popular science articles
  • Garcia D & Pignol D (2012) Biofutur “Des micro-organismes domestiqués pour dépolluer”
  • Garcia D & Pignol D (2012) Biofutur “Exemple d’un procédé biotechnologique de traitement des effluents phytosanitaires”



A process for degradation of TBP by a photosynthetic bacterial strain (Ref.: BD1490 – WO 2004/101449)

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lesa-logos-article150pxThe Laboratoire d’Etudes en Sciences des Arts (LESA) includes all artistic fields at Aix-Marseille University (AMU). It is attached to the UFR ALLSHS (arts, literature, languages, humanities and social sciences). The laboratory is also dedicated to specialized work by discipline (plastic arts and science of art, film, theater, music and science of music, and cultural mediation) as well as transversal projects emphasizing common problems in the science of art, humanities and social sciences.

Copyright : Camille ESCOFFIER/ CEA Equipe du LESA en tournage

Copyright : Camille ESCOFFIER/ CEA
A LESA team during filming

This last theme is reflected in documentary film productions about work: the study of cinematographic strategies in the documentary approach and analysis of work situations.


Since 1997, the laboratory has been developing a thematic focus centered on the filmed activity of work, in partnership with several French companies: Eurocopter, La Poste, the Luberon Regional Natural Park, and the Conseil Général of the Bouches-du-Rhône. Today, the work of LESA mobilizes around ten researchers and PhD students on issues as varied as: internal mobility and the transfer of experience at Eurocopter (2004/2011); skills and know-how at La Poste (1997/2008); the role of park wardens among the local population of the Luberon Regional Natural Park (2008/2011); parenthood links in host families at the Conseil Général 13 (2011/2015); the establishment of the first AMAP (an association for maintaining small-scale agriculture) in PACA; short distribution chains in organic farming; and land pressures in semi-urban areas.


Each film is created by pairs of filmmakers/social scientists, who aim to question the functioning of our organized society and also try to find solutions for the film’s participants that are adapted to their problems


Site de Schuman – ALLSHS Aix-Marseille Université
29, avenue Robert Schuman
13621 Aix-en-Provence cedex 1 France


Tel : + 33 (0) 4 13 55 30 30


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barre The BARRE Company, located in Clairac (Lot-et-Garonne), was founded in 1991 by two brothers, Andrew and Felix BARRE. Now with 25 employees, the company has diversified itself over the years, from R&D to manufacturing. It holds thirty patents and has specialized in the manufacturing of agricultural structures: greenhouses, tunnel cultures, stabling buildings, tobacco dryers, weather shelters for arboriculture, and storage shelters.

Copyright : Guillaume BARRE/Ets BARRE

Copyright : Guillaume BARRE/BARRE Company

The business started by making small shelters for growing strawberries, as well as lightweight greenhouses and tobacco dryers. It then expanded its product line by creating tunnels and multi-tunnels that were more and more solid and effective, in addition to livestock buildings and other needs of farmers.


Above all a family business, it is headed by Mr. Felix Barre, President, and Mr. André Barre, Sales and Development Director. With over 20 years of experience in the manufacture of greenhouses, tunnels, farm workshops, etc., it continues to expand its range of products in different branches such as arboriculture, the phytosanitary sector, and photovoltaic tobacco dryers.


It is in collaboration with the CEA/LBC that this company has developed and manufactured effluent treatment basins by non-aerated lagooning. A complete treatment plant has thus been set up on a local farm, which served as a pilot in the treatment process that is the subject of the LIFE-PHYTOBARRE project.


Établissement BARRE
Z.I. Gaillardy
47320 CLAIRAC France


Guillaume BARRE:
Tel: + 33 (0) 5 53 88 22 23 – Fax: + 33 (0) 5 53 88 23 60



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